Lancaster EPrints

The recall of information from working memory : insights from behavioural and chronometric perspectives.

Towse, John N. and Cowan, Nelson and Hitch, Graham J. and Horton, Neil (2008) The recall of information from working memory : insights from behavioural and chronometric perspectives. Experimental Psychology, 55 (6). pp. 371-383. ISSN 1618-3169

[img]
Preview
PDF (ExpPsy-RR.pdf)
Download (890Kb) | Preview

    Abstract

    We describe and evaluate a recall reconstruction hypothesis for working memory (WM), according to which items can be recovered from multiple memory representations. Across four experiments, participants recalled memoranda that were either integrated with or independent of the sentence content. We found consistently longer pauses accompanying the correct recall of integrated compared with independent words, supporting the argument that sentence memory could scaffold the access of target items. Integrated words were also more likely to be recalled correctly, dependent on the details of the task. Experiment 1 investigated the chronometry of spoken recall for word span and reading span, with participants completing an unfinished sentence in the latter case. Experiments 2 and 3 confirm recall time differences without using word generation requirements, while Experiment 4 used an item and order response choice paradigm with nonspoken responses. Data emphasise the value of recall timing in constraining theories of WM functioning.

    Item Type: Article
    Journal or Publication Title: Experimental Psychology
    Uncontrolled Keywords: working memory ; reading span ; recall timing ; recall method ; short-term memory
    Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
    Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
    ID Code: 34205
    Deposited By: Dr John Towse
    Deposited On: 15 Sep 2010 15:10
    Refereed?: Yes
    Published?: Published
    Last Modified: 30 Sep 2013 15:21
    Identification Number:
    URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/34205

    Actions (login required)

    View Item