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The impact of depression on activities of daily living skills in individuals who have undergone coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

McKenzie, L. H. and Simpson, Jane and Stewart, Marie (2009) The impact of depression on activities of daily living skills in individuals who have undergone coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Psychology, Health and Medicine, 14 (6). pp. 641-653. ISSN 1465-3966

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Abstract

This study examined the relationships between instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) skills and a range of demographic, medical, neuropsychological and psychological variables in patients following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Participants (N = 111; 92 males, 19 females; 111 white British or Irish ethnicity) completed a battery of demographic and medical questionnaires, and standardised neuropsychological, psychological and functional assessments in a within-subjects, cross-sectional design. Correlational analyses identified significant relationships between three covariates (current smoking, anxiety and depression) and IADL functioning. Subsequent logistic regression analysis revealed that only post-operative depression independently predicted IADL functioning. It is important that clinicians recognise the bi-directional nature of the relationship between depression and IADL functioning as evidenced in this study, and ensure that these factors are addressed in the assessment and treatment of CABG patients in order to maximise surgical benefits. It is hoped that future research will build upon the finding of this study to increase our understanding of the impact of depression on IADL functioning, and to develop effective methods of intervention for at-risk individuals.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Psychology, Health and Medicine
Additional Information: PG Intake 2005
Uncontrolled Keywords: coronary artery bypass graft surgery ; instrumental activities of daily living skills ; depression
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > English & Creative Writing
Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
ID Code: 33889
Deposited By: Mr Richard Ingham
Deposited On: 20 Jul 2010 14:21
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 17:29
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/33889

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