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Insecure attachment predicts proneness to paranoia but not hallucinations.

Pickering, Laura and Simpson, Jane and Bentall, Richard P. (2008) Insecure attachment predicts proneness to paranoia but not hallucinations. Personality and Individual Differences, 44 (5). pp. 1212-1244. ISSN 0191-8869

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Abstract

This study investigates the relationship between attachment, paranoid beliefs and hallucinatory experiences. Five hundred and three students completed online questionnaires, including the persecution and deservedness scale, the Launay–Slade hallucination scale, Bartholomew and Horowitz’s relationship questionnaire, Levenson’s multidimensional locus of control scale and measures of self-esteem and anticipation of threatening events. After comorbidity between paranoia and hallucinations was controlled for, insecure attachment predicted paranoia (persecution) but not hallucinations. The extent to which persecution was perceived to be deserved was predicted by low self-esteem. Negative self-esteem, anticipation of threatening events and a perception of others as powerful mediated the relationship between attachment insecurity and persecutory paranoia. The findings indicate that insecure attachment is specifically related to paranoid beliefs.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Personality and Individual Differences
Additional Information: PG Intake 2004
Uncontrolled Keywords: Attachment ; Psychosis ; Hallucinations ; Paranoia
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: UNSPECIFIED
ID Code: 33884
Deposited By: Mr Richard Ingham
Deposited On: 20 Jul 2010 11:59
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2014 14:51
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/33884

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