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Kinetics of Cd sorption, desorption and fixation by calcite : a long-term radiotracer study.

Ahmed, Imad A. M. and Crout, Neil M. J. and Young, Scott D. (2008) Kinetics of Cd sorption, desorption and fixation by calcite : a long-term radiotracer study. Geochimica and Cosmochimica Acta, 72 (6). pp. 1498-1512. ISSN 0016-7037

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Abstract

Time-dependent sorption and desorption of Cd on calcite was studied over 210 days utilizing 109Cd as a tracer to distinguish between ‘labile’ and ‘non-labile’ forms of sorbed Cd. Stabilizing the calcite suspensions for 12 months under atmospheric PCO2 and controlled temperature was necessary to reliably follow Cd dynamics following initial sorption. Results revealed time-dependant Cd sorption and marked desorption hysteresis by calcite under environmentally relevant conditions. Data obtained were fitted to a first-order kinetic model and a concentric shell diffusion model. Both models described the progressive transfer of Cd2+ to a less reactive form within calcite and subsequent desorption of Cd subject to different initial contact times. The kinetic model provided a better fit to the combined sorption and desorption data (R2 = 0.992). It differentiates between two ‘pools’ of sorbed Cd2+ on calcite, ‘labile’ and ‘non-labile’, in which labile sorbed Cd is in immediate equilibrium with the free Cd2+ ion activity in solution whereas non-labile Cd is kinetically restricted. For the diffusion model (R2 = 0.959), the rate constants describing Cd dynamics in calcite produced a half-life for Cd desorption of 175 d, for release to a ‘zero-sink’ solution. Results from this study allow comment on the likely mechanisms occurring at the calcite surface following long-term Cd sorption.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Geochimica and Cosmochimica Acta
Uncontrolled Keywords: Calcite ; kinetic model ; radiotracer ; 109Cd ; adsorption isotherm ; Minimum Description Length
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 33828
Deposited By: Dr Imad Ahmed
Deposited On: 19 Jul 2010 09:55
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 21:56
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/33828

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