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Self-reported smoking and alcohol use among adolescents with intellectual disabilities.

Emerson, Eric and Turnbull, Lorraine (2005) Self-reported smoking and alcohol use among adolescents with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, 9 (1). pp. 58-69. ISSN 1744-6295

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Abstract

Self-reported smoking and alcohol use were examined among 95 adolescents (aged 11-15) with intellectual disabilities and 4069 adolescents who did not have intellectual disabilities. Results indicated that adolescents with intellectual disabilities reported increased rates of smoking and decreased rates of using alcohol at least once a month. There were no marked differences between the two groups on smoking seven or more cigarettes a day, having ever smoked at all and having ever used alcohol. Elevated levels of smoking appeared to be an artefact of increased rates of poverty among adolescents with intellectual disabilities. Distinct patterns of risk were associated with smoking and alcohol use among adolescents with intellectual disabilities. Smoking was closely associated with the experience of poverty and adolescent mental health. Alcohol use was associated with less punitive child management practices and carer mental health. Results are discussed in the context of health promotion.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities
Additional Information: PG Intake 2000
Uncontrolled Keywords: adolescents alcohol health promotion intellectual disabilities smoking
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
ID Code: 33789
Deposited By: Mr Richard Ingham
Deposited On: 05 Jul 2010 14:22
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 17:28
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/33789

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