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Safe asleep? Human-machine relations in medical practice.

Mort, M. M. and Smith, A. F. and Pope, C. and Goodwin, D. (2005) Safe asleep? Human-machine relations in medical practice. Social Science & Medicine, 61 (9). pp. 2027-2037.

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Abstract

In the process of anaesthesia the patient must surrender vital functions to the care of clinicians and machines who will act for, and advocate for the patient during the surgical procedure. In this paper, we discuss the practices and knowledge sources that underpin safety in a risky field in which many boundaries are crossed and dissolved. Anaesthetic practice is at the frontier not only of conscious/unconsciousness but is also at the human/machine frontier, where a range of technologies acts as both delegates and intermediaries between patient and practitioner. We are concerned with how practitioners accommodate and manage these shifting boundaries and what kinds of knowledge sources the ‘expert’ must employ to make decisions. Such sources include clinical, social and electronic which in their various forms demonstrate the hybrid and collective nature of anaesthetised patients. In managing this collective, the expert is one who is able to judge where the boundary lies between what is routine and what is critical in practice, while the junior must judge the personal limits of expertise in practice. In exploring the working of anaesthetic hybrids, we argue that recognising the changing distribution of agency between humans and machines itself illustrates important features of human authorship and expertise.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Social Science & Medicine
Additional Information: RAE_import_type : Journal article RAE_uoa_type : Social Work and Social Policy & Administration
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anaesthetic practice ; Human–machine boundary ; Medical decision-making ; UK
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > Sociology
Faculty of Health and Medicine > Medicine
ID Code: 3349
Deposited By: ep_importer
Deposited On: 18 Mar 2008 16:58
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 17:25
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/3349

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