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Socio-economic position, household composition, health status and indicators of the well-being of mothers of children with and without intellectual disabilities

Emerson, E. and Hatton, C. and Llewellyn, G. and Blacker, J. and Graham, H. (2006) Socio-economic position, household composition, health status and indicators of the well-being of mothers of children with and without intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 50 (12). pp. 862-873. ISSN 0964-2633

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Abstract

Backrgound Many previous studies have reported that mothers of children with intellectual disabilities (IDs) are more likely to show signs of psychological distress and have lower well-being than mothers of 'typically developing' children. Our aim was to estimate the extent to which these differences may be accounted for by between-group differences in socio-economic position. Methods This study involved secondary analysis of happiness, self-esteem and self-efficacy variables in a nationally representative sample of 6954 British mothers with dependent children under the age of 17 years, 514 of whom were supporting a child with an ID. Results Mothers of children with IDs reported lower levels of happiness, self-esteem and self-efficacy than mothers of children without IDs. Statistically controlling for differences in socio-economic position, household composition and maternal characteristics fully accounted for the between-group differences in maternal happiness, and accounted for over 50% of the elevated risk for poorer self-esteem and self-efficacy. Conclusions A socially and statistically significant proportion of the increased risk of poorer well-being among mothers of children with IDs may be attributed to their increased risk of socio-economic disadvantage.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Additional Information: Erratum printed in: 51:2 p. 172 - 172 doi:10.1111/j.1365-2788.2006.00946.x RAE_import_type : Journal article RAE_uoa_type : Social Work and Social Policy & Administration
Uncontrolled Keywords: maternal well-being ; socio-economic position ; MODERATE MENTAL-RETARDATION ; BEHAVIOR PROBLEMS ; PRESCHOOL-CHILDREN ; PARENTING STRESS ; SYNDROME SPECIFICITY ; DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY ; FAMILIES ; CHILDHOOD ; POVERTY ; IMPACT
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
ID Code: 3309
Deposited By: ep_importer
Deposited On: 20 Mar 2008 13:47
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 21:52
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/3309

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