Lancaster EPrints

Working memory and the observed effectiveness of recasts on different L2 outcome measures.

Révész, Andrea (2012) Working memory and the observed effectiveness of recasts on different L2 outcome measures. Language Learning, 62 (1). pp. 93-132. ISSN 0023-8333

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Abstract

This study examined whether the observed effectiveness of recasts is influenced by the type of outcome measure used, and whether different aspects of working memory are differentially associated with learners’ performance on the various outcome measures. The participants were 90 EFL learners, who were randomly assigned to a recast, a nonrecast, and a control group. A pretest-posttest-delayed posttest design was employed to detect any improvement in the learners’ knowledge of one usage of the English past progressive construction. Many-facet Rasch measurement and correlational analyses yielded two main findings. First, recasts generated the greatest gains on an oral production test, lesser gains on a written production test, and the least gains on a written grammaticality judgement test. Second, in the recast group, participants with higher reading-spans achieved more development on the written tests, while those with higher digit and non-word spans showed greater improvement on the oral test. For the nonrecast group, no association was found between the working memory and developmental measures.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Language Learning
Uncontrolled Keywords: recasts ; working memory ; negative feedback ; phonological short-term memory ; executive control ; procedural knowledge ; declarative knowledge
Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Departments: Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > Linguistics & English Language
ID Code: 32862
Deposited By: Dr. Andrea Révész
Deposited On: 26 Apr 2010 11:18
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 17:17
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/32862

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