Ellis, T. and McClintock, Peter V. E. and Bowley, R. M. and Allum, D. R. (1980) The breakdown of superfluidity in liquid 4He. II : an investigation of excitation emission from negative ions travelling at extreme supercritical velocities. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A, 296 (1425). pp. 581-595. ISSN 0264-3820Full text not available from this repository.
We have measured the drift velocity, v, of negative ions in He II at a temperature of 0.34 K and a pressure of 25 bar for electric fields, E, in the range 5 x 10^3 < E < 6 X 10^6 V/m. For if v < 70 m/s, the results are in good agreement with the predictions of the roton pair-emission theory of Bowley and Sheard. Even better agreement is obtained by extending the theory to take explicit account of departures from parabolicity of the real dispersion curve at large momenta, variations in the pole strength of high momentum excitations, and the slight increase in the average momentum of excitations emitted at large values of v. For v > 70 m/s, however, experiment and theory are in clear disagreement: by if = 80 m/s, the measured drag on the ion has become about 100% larger than the theoretical prediction. We tentatively attribute this discrepancy to the onset at if ~ 70 m/sl of a new and, so far, unidentified dissipation mechanism.
|Journal or Publication Title:||Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QC Physics|
|Departments:||Faculty of Science and Technology > Physics|
|Deposited By:||Professor P. V. E. McClintock|
|Deposited On:||12 Apr 2010 10:00|
|Last Modified:||02 May 2016 00:00|
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