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Photosynthetic responses in spring wheat grown under elevated CO2 concentrations and stress conditions in the European, multiple-site experiment ‘ESPACE-wheat’.

Mitchell, Rowan A. C. and Black, Colin R. and Burkart, S. and Burke, J. I. and Donelly, Alison and de Tememerman, L. and Fangmeier, A. and Mulholland, Barry J. and Theobald, Julian C. and van Oijen, M. (1999) Photosynthetic responses in spring wheat grown under elevated CO2 concentrations and stress conditions in the European, multiple-site experiment ‘ESPACE-wheat’. European Journal of Agronomy, 10 (3-4). pp. 205-214. ISSN 1161-0301

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Abstract

Spring wheat cv. Minaret crop stands were grown under ambient and elevated CO2 concentrations at seven sites in Germany, Ireland, the UK, Belgium and the Netherlands. Six of the sites used open-top chambers and one used a controlled environment mimicking field conditions. The effect of elevated CO2 for a range of N application regimes, O3 concentrations, and growth temperatures on flag leaf photosynthesis was studied. Before anthesis, flag leaf photosynthesis was stimulated about 50% by 650 compared with 350 mmol mol−1 CO2 at all sites, regardless of other treatments. Furthermore, there was no evidence of a decrease in photosynthetic capacity of flag leaves due to growth at elevated CO2 before anthesis, even for low N treatments. However, photosynthetic capacity, particularly carboxylation capacity, of flag leaves was usually decreased by growth at elevated CO2 after anthesis, especially in low N treatments. Acclimation of photosynthesis to elevated CO2 therefore appears to occur only slowly, consistent with a response to changes in sink–source relationships, rather than a direct response. Effect of elevated CO2 on stomatal conductance was much more variable between sites and treatments, but on average was decreased by ~10% at 650 compared with 350 mmol mol−1 CO2. Carboxylation capacity of flag leaves was decreased by growth at elevated O3 both before and after anthesis, regardless of CO2 concentration. © 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: European Journal of Agronomy
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carbon dioxide ; Open-top chambers ; Ozone ; Photosynthetic acclimation ; Triticum aestivum
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 32145
Deposited By: Dr Julian C Theobald
Deposited On: 11 Mar 2010 08:50
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 17:06
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/32145

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