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The Brief-HAPPI : a questionnaire to assess cognitions that distinguish between individuals with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder and non-clinical controls.

Mansell, Warren and Jones, Steven H. (2006) The Brief-HAPPI : a questionnaire to assess cognitions that distinguish between individuals with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder and non-clinical controls. Journal of Affective Disorders, 93 (1-3). pp. 29-34. ISSN 0165-0327

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Abstract

Background Despite developments in cognitive behavioural therapy for bipolar disorder, little is known about the specific dysfunctional beliefs that may predispose individuals to mania. Therefore a measure was specifically designed for this purpose based on a cognitive approach. The measure is called the Hypomanic Attitudes and Positive Predictions Inventory (HAPPI). Method Fifty-six individuals with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder and 39 matched healthy controls completed a brief version of the HAPPI (Brief-HAPPI), the Internal State Scale, and the Hypomanic Interpretations Questionnaire (HIQ). Results The bipolar group scored higher on the overall Brief-HAPPI scale, higher on the forward items of the Brief-HAPPI, lower on the reverse items and no different on the filler items. The group differences in overall score remained when controlling for current self-reported symptoms of mania and depression, and recent history of hypomanic symptoms, yet within the bipolar group, Brief-HAPPI score was positively correlated with the level of symptoms. The Brief-HAPPI showed a sizeable correlation with the HIQ, yet each scale showed a significant and independent association with bipolar disorder. Conclusion The Brief-HAPPI assesses dysfunctional beliefs that are associated with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Affective Disorders
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mania ; Depression ; Dysfunctional attitudes ; Appraisals ; Cognitive bias
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
ID Code: 31913
Deposited By: Mr Richard Ingham
Deposited On: 26 Feb 2010 09:01
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2013 15:33
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/31913

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