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Tracking the cell hierarchy in the human intestine using biochemical signatures derived by mid-infrared microspectroscopy.

Walsh, Michael John and Hammiche, Azzedine and Fellous, Tariq G. and Nicholson, James M. and Cotte, Marine and Susini, Jean and Fullwood, Nigel J. and Martin-Hirsch, Pierre L. and Alison, Malcolm R. and Martin, Frank L. (2009) Tracking the cell hierarchy in the human intestine using biochemical signatures derived by mid-infrared microspectroscopy. Stem Cell Research, 3 (1). pp. 15-27. ISSN 1873-5061

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Abstract

Markers of gastrointestinal (GI) stem cells remain elusive. We employed synchrotron Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) microspectroscopy to derive mid-infrared (IR) spectra along the length of human GI crypts. Tissue sections (10-μm thick) were floated onto BaF2 windows and image maps were acquired of small intestine and large bowel crypts in transmission mode with an aperture of ≤ 10 μm × 10 μm. Counting upwards in a step-size (≤ 10 μm) fashion from the crypt base, IR spectra were extracted from the image maps and each spectrum corresponding to a particular location was identified. Spectra were analyzed using principal component analysis plus linear discriminant analysis. Compared to putative crypt base columnar/Paneth cells, those assigned as label-retaining cells were chemically more similar to putative large bowel stem cells and, the small intestine transit-amplifying cells were closest to large bowel transit-amplifying cells; interestingly, the base of small intestine crypts was the most chemically-distinct. This study suggests that in the complex cell lineage of human GI crypts, chemical similarities as revealed by FTIR microspectroscopy between regions putatively assigned as stem cell, transit-amplifying and terminally-differentiated facilitates identification of cell function.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Stem Cell Research
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QC Physics
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
Faculty of Science and Technology > Physics
Faculty of Health and Medicine > Biomedical & Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Medicine
ID Code: 31356
Deposited By: Mr Richard Ingham
Deposited On: 13 Jan 2010 11:12
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 20:31
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/31356

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