Weber, Jan and Kurková, Romano and Klánová, Jana and Klán, Petr and Halsall, Crispin J. (2009) Photolytic degradation of methyl-parathion and fenitrothion in ice and water : implications for cold environments. Environmental Pollution, 157 (12). pp. 3308-3313. ISSN 0269-7491Full text not available from this repository.
Here we investigate the photodegradation of structurally similar organophosphorus pesticides; methyl-parathion and fenitrothion in water (20 °C) and ice (−15 °C) under environmentally-relevant conditions with the aim of comparing these laboratory findings to limited field observations. Both compounds were found to be photolyzed more efficiently in ice than in aqueous solutions, with quantum yields of degradation being higher in ice than in water (fenitrothion > methyl-parathion). This rather surprising observation was attributed to the concentration effect caused by freezing the aqueous solutions. The major phototransformation products included the corresponding oxons (methyl-paraoxon and fenitroxon) and the nitrophenols (3-methyl-nitrophenol and nitrophenol) in both irradiated water and ice samples. The presence of oxons in ice following irradiation, demonstrates an additional formation mechanism of these toxicologically relevant compounds in cold environments, although further photodegradation of oxons in ice indicates that photochemistry of OPs might be an environmentally important sink in cold environments. Photodegradation of methyl-parathion and fenitrothion in water and ice under environmentally-relevant conditions is described.
|Journal or Publication Title:||Environmental Pollution|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Photochemistry ; Pesticides ; Solar ; Ice ; Mountains ; Arctic|
|Subjects:||G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences|
|Departments:||Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre|
|Deposited By:||Mr Richard Ingham|
|Deposited On:||22 Dec 2009 14:27|
|Last Modified:||26 Jul 2012 16:53|
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