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Rootstock-mediated changes in xylem ionic and hormonal status are correlated with delayed leaf senescence and increased leaf area and crop productivity in salinised tomato.

Albacete, Alfonso and Martínez-Andújar, Cristina and Ghanem, Michel Edmond and Acosta, Manuel and Sanchez-Bravo, Jose and Asins, Maria J. and Cuartero, Jesus and Lutts, Stanley and Dodd, Ian C. and Pérez-Alfocea, Francisco (2009) Rootstock-mediated changes in xylem ionic and hormonal status are correlated with delayed leaf senescence and increased leaf area and crop productivity in salinised tomato. Plant, Cell and Environment, 32 (7). pp. 928-938. ISSN 0140-7791

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Abstract

Tomato crop productivity under salinity can be improved by grafting cultivars onto salt-tolerant wild relatives, thus mediating the supply of root-derived ionic and hormonal factors that regulate leaf area and senescence. A tomato cultivar was grafted onto rootstocks from a population of recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from a Solanum lycopersicum × Solanum cheesmaniae cross and cultivated under moderate salinity (75 mm NaCl). Concentrations of Na+, K+ and several phytohormones [abscisic acid (ABA); the cytokinins (CKs) zeatin, Z; zeatin riboside, ZR; and the ethylene precursor 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC)] were analysed in leaf xylem sap in graft combinations of contrasting vigour. Scion leaf area correlated with photosystem II (PSII) efficiency (Fv/Fm) and determined fruit productivity. Xylem K+ (but not Na+), K+/Na+, the active CK Z, the ratio with its storage form Z/ZR and especially the ratio between CKs and ACC (Z/ACC and Z + ZR/ACC) were positively loaded into the first principal component (PC) determining both leaf growth and PSII efficiency. In contrast, the ratio ACC/ABA was negatively correlated with leaf biomass. Although the underlying physiological mechanisms by which rootstocks mediate leaf area or chlorophyll fluorescence (and thus influence tomato salt tolerance) seem complex, a putative potassium–CK interaction involved in regulating both processes merits further attention.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Plant, Cell and Environment
Uncontrolled Keywords: tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) • abscisic acid • 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid • grafting • hormones • potassium • principal component analysis • salt stress • zeatin • zeatin riboside
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments:
ID Code: 30898
Deposited By: Mr Richard Ingham
Deposited On: 10 Dec 2009 11:52
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2014 14:50
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/30898

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