Casper-Anenberg, Susan and West, J.Jason and Fiore, Arlene M. and Jaffe, Daniel A. and Prather, Michael J. and Bergmann, Daniel and Cuvelier, Kees and Dentener, Frank J. and Duncan, Bryan N. and Gauss, Michael and Hess, Peter and Jonson, Jan Eiof and Lupu, Alexandru and MacKenzie, Ian A. and Marmer, Elina and Park, Rokjin J. and Sanderson, Michael G. and Schultz, Martin and Shindell, Drew T. and Szopa, Sophie and Vivanco, Marta G. and Wild, Oliver and Zeng, Guang (2009) Intercontinental impacts of ozone pollution on human mortality. Environmental Science & Technology, 43 (17). pp. 6482-6487. ISSN 0013-936XFull text not available from this repository.
Ozone exposure is associated with negative health impacts, including premature mortality. Observations and modeling studies demonstrate that emissions from one continent influence ozone air quality over other continents. We estimate the premature mortalities avoided from surface ozone decreases obtained via combined 20% reductions of anthropogenic nitrogen oxide, non-methane volatile organic compound, and carbon monoxide emissions in North America (NA), East Asia (EA), South Asia (SA), and Europe (EU). We use estimates of ozone responses to these emission changes from several atmospheric chemical transport models combined with a health impact function. Foreign emission reductions contribute approximately 30%, 30%, 20%, and >50% of the mortalities avoided by reducing precursor emissions in all regions together in NA, EA, SA, and EU, respectively. Reducing emissions in NA and EU avoids more mortalities outside the source region than within, owing in part to larger populations in foreign regions. Lowering the global methane abundance by 20% reduces mortality most in SA, followed by EU, EA, and NA. For some source−receptor pairs, there is greater uncertainty in our estimated avoided mortalities associated with the modeled ozone responses to emission changes than with the health impact function parameters.
|Journal or Publication Title:||Environmental Science & Technology|
|Subjects:||G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences|
|Departments:||Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre|
|Deposited By:||Dr Oliver Wild|
|Deposited On:||08 Dec 2009 09:06|
|Last Modified:||26 Jul 2012 16:50|
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