Lancaster EPrints

Intercontinental impacts of ozone pollution on human mortality.

Casper-Anenberg, Susan and West, J.Jason and Fiore, Arlene M. and Jaffe, Daniel A. and Prather, Michael J. and Bergmann, Daniel and Cuvelier, Kees and Dentener, Frank J. and Duncan, Bryan N. and Gauss, Michael and Hess, Peter and Jonson, Jan Eiof and Lupu, Alexandru and MacKenzie, Ian A. and Marmer, Elina and Park, Rokjin J. and Sanderson, Michael G. and Schultz, Martin and Shindell, Drew T. and Szopa, Sophie and Vivanco, Marta G. and Wild, Oliver and Zeng, Guang (2009) Intercontinental impacts of ozone pollution on human mortality. Environmental Science and Technology, 43 (17). pp. 6482-6487. ISSN 0013-936X

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Ozone exposure is associated with negative health impacts, including premature mortality. Observations and modeling studies demonstrate that emissions from one continent influence ozone air quality over other continents. We estimate the premature mortalities avoided from surface ozone decreases obtained via combined 20% reductions of anthropogenic nitrogen oxide, non-methane volatile organic compound, and carbon monoxide emissions in North America (NA), East Asia (EA), South Asia (SA), and Europe (EU). We use estimates of ozone responses to these emission changes from several atmospheric chemical transport models combined with a health impact function. Foreign emission reductions contribute approximately 30%, 30%, 20%, and >50% of the mortalities avoided by reducing precursor emissions in all regions together in NA, EA, SA, and EU, respectively. Reducing emissions in NA and EU avoids more mortalities outside the source region than within, owing in part to larger populations in foreign regions. Lowering the global methane abundance by 20% reduces mortality most in SA, followed by EU, EA, and NA. For some source−receptor pairs, there is greater uncertainty in our estimated avoided mortalities associated with the modeled ozone responses to emission changes than with the health impact function parameters.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Science and Technology
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 30823
Deposited By: Dr Oliver Wild
Deposited On: 08 Dec 2009 09:06
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 20:30
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/30823

Actions (login required)

View Item