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Toddlers' referential understanding of pictures.

Ganea, Patricia and Allen, Melissa L. and Butler, Lucas and Carey, Susan and DeLoache, Judy (2009) Toddlers' referential understanding of pictures. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 104 (3). pp. 283-295. ISSN 0022-0965

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Abstract

Pictures are referential in that they can represent objects in the real world. Here we explore the emergence of understanding of the referential potential of pictures during the second year of life. In Study 1, 15-, 18-, and 24-month-olds learned a word for a picture of a novel object (e.g., “blicket”) in the context of a picture book interaction. Later they were presented with the picture of a blicket along with the real object it depicted and asked to indicate the blicket. Many of the 24-, 18-, and even 15-month-olds indicated the real object as an instance of a blicket, consistent with an understanding of the referential relation between pictures and objects. In Study 2, children were tested with an exemplar object that differed in color from the depicted object to determine whether they would extend the label they had learned for the depicted object to a slightly different category member. The 15-, 18-, and 24-month-old participants failed to make a consistent referential response. The results are discussed in terms of whether pictorial understanding at this age is associative or symbolic.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pictures ; Words ; Symbolic understanding ; Toddlers ; Iconicity ; Representation
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 30774
Deposited By: Dr Melissa Allen
Deposited On: 03 Dec 2009 15:22
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2013 15:21
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/30774

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