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The development of an alpha / beta separation liquid scintillation cocktail for aqueous samples.

Pates, Jackie M. and Cook, Gordon T. and MacKenzie, Angus B. and Thomson, J. (1993) The development of an alpha / beta separation liquid scintillation cocktail for aqueous samples. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Articles, 172 (2). pp. 341-348. ISSN 0236-5731

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Abstract

Scintillation cocktail components were studied with regard to their impact on pulse decay discimination (PDD) and hence the separation of alpha from beta activity, using a Packard 2250 CA alpha/beta. Di-isopropyl naphthalene (DIN) was found to be the most suitable solvent, both from safety considerations and also the fact that it acts in a very similar manner to naphthalene in stretching the pulses produced at the photomultiplier tube anode and hence enhancing the separation. Increasing the surfactant concentration and the use of dimethylanthracene (DMA) as secondary fluor degraded the cocktail's performance. PMT anode pulse shapes were found to be a useful indicator of PDD efficiency but could not give a quantitative guide.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Articles
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 30725
Deposited By: Mr Richard Ingham
Deposited On: 02 Dec 2009 11:02
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 16:48
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/30725

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