Lancaster EPrints

Spatial and temporal reconstructions of changes in the Asian palaeomonsoon: A new mineral magnetic approach.

Maher, Barbara A. and Thompson, R. and Zhou, L. P. (1994) Spatial and temporal reconstructions of changes in the Asian palaeomonsoon: A new mineral magnetic approach. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 125 (1-4). pp. 461-471. ISSN 0012-821X

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

A new quantitative approach is proposed for estimating palaeoprecipitation across the Chinese Loess Plateau. At present, there is a strong rainfall gradient across the plateau from 300 mm/yr in the near-desert conditions in the northwest to over 750 mm/yr in the southeast, just 700 km distant. We find that the concentration of ferrimagnetic iron oxide minerals in nine modern soil types (represented by 37 individual soil profiles) is strongly correlated with this contemporary rainfall gradient. The ferrimagnetic concentration rises along this gradient, from 0.01% in the northwest to over 0.2% in the southeast. The nine modern soil types have been used in the construction of a rainfall vs. magnetic susceptibility (least squares regression) climofunction. Past variations of loess-soil iron oxide content are easily established through magnetic susceptibility measurements and so can be used to reconstruct the rainfall of former interglacial and glacial periods. The physical and pedological basis of the rainfall vs. susceptibility relationship is discussed and potential limitations of our rainfall reconstruction method are explored. Our palaeoclimate reconstructions indicate dramatic changes in rainfall due to variations in the structure of the Asian monsoon. The rainfall variations are about four times greater than has been suggested for this region by atmospheric general circulation modelling. Our data indicate increased rainfall throughout central China both in interglacial periods and in the early Holocene. The increases in monsoonal rain were particularly pronounced at our westernmost sites, adjacent to the northeastern edge of the Tibetan plateau. In contrast, for glacial periods a reduction in rainfall is found across the whole loess area, with the greatest decreases in the southeast.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Uncontrolled Keywords: Asian monsoon ; magnetism ; Chinese loess ; palaeosols
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 293
Deposited By: Professor Barbara A Maher
Deposited On: 11 Jan 2007
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 16:48
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/293

Actions (login required)

View Item