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"Who are we to judge?":on the proportionment of happiness to virtue

Williams, Garrath (2010) "Who are we to judge?":on the proportionment of happiness to virtue. Philosophy, 85 (1). pp. 47-66. ISSN 1469-817X

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      Abstract

      The claim that happiness and virtue ought to be proportionate to one another has often been expressed in the idea of a future world of divine justice, despite many moral difficulties with this idea. This paper argues that human efforts to enact such a proportionment are, ironically, justified by the same reasons that make the idea of divine justice seem so problematic. Moralists have often regarded our frailty and fallibility as reasons for abstaining from the judgment of others; and doubts about our deserving some proportionment of happiness or unhappiness often arise insofar as virtue and vice may be explained on a causal basis. This paper argues that our fallibility and our susceptibility to social influence render judgment and response indispensable, because - given these characteristics - our actions and responses decide the morality that we actually share with one another. In this situation, to 'judge not' is to abandon the field to those with no such scruples.

      Item Type: Article
      Journal or Publication Title: Philosophy
      Additional Information: http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=PHI The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Philosophy, 85 (1), pp 47-66 2010, © 2010 Cambridge University Press.
      Uncontrolled Keywords: responsibility ; desert ; mutual accountability ; judgment ; divine judgment
      Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General)
      Departments: Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > Politics & International Relations (Merged into PPR 2010-08-01)
      ID Code: 28444
      Deposited By: Dr Garrath Williams
      Deposited On: 30 Nov 2009 13:20
      Refereed?: Yes
      Published?: Published
      Last Modified: 31 May 2013 11:45
      Identification Number:
      URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/28444

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