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The resistible rise of Islamophobia : anti-Muslim racism in the UK and Australia before 9/11.

Poynting, Scott and Mason, Victoria (2007) The resistible rise of Islamophobia : anti-Muslim racism in the UK and Australia before 9/11. Journal of Sociology, 43 (1). pp. 61-86.

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Abstract

This article compares the rise of anti-Muslim racism in Britain and Australia, from 1989 to 2001, as a foundation for assessing the extent to which the upsurge of Islamophobia after 11 September was a development of existing patterns of racism in these two countries. The respective histories of immigration and settlement by Muslim populations are outlined, along with the relevant immigration and ‘ethnic affairs’ policies and the resulting demographics. The article traces the ideologies of xenophobia that developed in Britain and Australia over this period. It records a transition from anti-Asian and anti-Arab racism to anti-Muslim racism, reflected in and responding to changes in the identities and cultural politics of the minority communities. It outlines instances of the racial and ethnic targeting by the state of the ethnic and religious minorities concerned, and postulates a causal relationship between this and the shifting patterns of acts of racial hatred, vilification and discrimination.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Sociology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anti-Muslim racism ; Australia ; Britain ; Islamophobia
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Departments: Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > Politics & International Relations (Merged into PPR 2010-08-01)
ID Code: 28134
Deposited By: Dr Victoria Mason
Deposited On: 11 Nov 2009 10:58
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 16:44
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/28134

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