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Use of two-photon excitation microscopy and autofluorescence for visualizing the fate and behavior of semi-volatile organic chemicals within living vegetation.

Wild, Edward and Dent, John and Thomas, Gareth O. and Jones, Kevin C. (2007) Use of two-photon excitation microscopy and autofluorescence for visualizing the fate and behavior of semi-volatile organic chemicals within living vegetation. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 26 (12). pp. 2486-2493. ISSN 0730-7268

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Abstract

The uptake, transport, storage, and processing of semivolatile organic chemicals (SVOCs) by vegetation plays an important role in their environmental fate. Understanding these processes at the plant cellular level is essential to understanding the fate and behavior of SVOCs within the environment. Traditional analytical methods have relied on destructive analysis of the plant and a level of inference to suggest exactly where within the plant the chemical is residing, how it is getting there, and what its subsequent fate might be. The use of two-photon excitation microscopy to visualize the in situ uptake, transport, storage, compartmentalization, processing, and fate of a number of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in living vegetation is summarized. Using this technique, the uptake of PAHs to leaves and roots via the atmosphere or soil is visualized. Subsequent storage, transport, compartmentalization, and plant processing, including metabolism, can then be monitored. Differences in processing of the same chemical between species are observed, including compartmentalization, transport routes, and degradation pathways. Chemical location within the plant is observed to have a significant effect on PAH fate (e.g., through photodegradation). We highlight a number of key findings and the research areas requiring increased impetus to gain a comprehensive understanding of the complexity involved in SVOC–plant interactions from the cellular to global scales.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Organic chemicals ; Vegetation ; Microscopy
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 28060
Deposited By: Mr Richard Ingham
Deposited On: 03 Nov 2009 10:21
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 16:43
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/28060

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