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Coupling passive air sampling with emission estimates and chemical fate modeling for persistent organic pollutants : a feasibility study in Northern Europe.

Gioia, Rosalinda and Sweetman, Andrew J. and Jones, Kevin C. (2007) Coupling passive air sampling with emission estimates and chemical fate modeling for persistent organic pollutants : a feasibility study in Northern Europe. Environmental Science & Technology, 41 (7). pp. 2165-2171. ISSN 0013-936X

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Abstract

Passive air samplers (polyurethane foam disks) were deployed at 23 background locations along a broadly west−east transect in 8 northern European countries and analyzed for PCBs, PBDEs, PAHs, and a range of organochlorine pesticides (HCB, DDTs, and DDEs). PCBs and PAHs were highest at the center of the transect (Denmark) and lowest in northern Norway. HCB was relatively uniformly distributed, reflecting its persistence and high degree of mixing in air. Higher DDE and DDT levels occurred in Eastern Europe and at several sites in Central Europe. PBDE levels were generally similar at all sites, but lower for some locations in Eastern Europe and Ireland. Emissions information for PCBs, HCB, and PBDEs was used as input for a multi-media chemical fate model, to generate predicted air concentrations and compare with these measured values. Different scenarios were highlighted by this exercise: (i) country and compound combinations where the national inventory gave predicted air concentrations in close agreement with those measured (e.g., PCBs in the UK); (ii) country and compound combinations where predicted concentrations were well below those measured, but where advection of emissions from elsewhere is likely to be important (e.g., PCBs in Norway); (iii) consistent underestimation of compound concentrations by the emissions modeling (i.e., HCB); and (iv) general overestimation of ambient concentrations (i.e., PBDEs). Air mass trajectory analysis showed the likely role of long-range atmospheric transport (LRAT) on national levels. In general, advection from the south and west of Europe appeared to contribute to ambient POPs levels for countries in the center and northeast of the transect. Guidelines are presented as to how countries that want to assess their POPs source inventories can do so with this relatively cheap initial screening approach.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Science & Technology
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 28012
Deposited By: Mr Richard Ingham
Deposited On: 30 Oct 2009 16:37
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 16:42
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/28012

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