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On the triggering of auroral substorms by northward turnings of the interplanetary magnetic field

Wild, J.A. and Woodfield, E.E. and Morley, S.K. (2009) On the triggering of auroral substorms by northward turnings of the interplanetary magnetic field. Annales Geophysicae, 27 (9). pp. 3559-3570. ISSN 0992-7689

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    Some studies over the last decade have indicated that the instability responsible for substorm expansion phase onset may require an external trigger such as a northward turning of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF). Statisti- cal investigations have lead to contrasting interpretations re- garding the relationship between proposed solar wind trig- gers and substorm onsets identified from geomagnetic data. We therefore present the results of a study into the possible triggering of 260 substorms between 2001–2005, exploiting data from the Cluster and IMAGE satellite missions. We find that only a small fraction (<25%) of the substorms stud- ied are associated with northward turnings of the IMF. How- ever, the majority of the observed onsets are associated with a growth phase characterised using a subset of the criteria employed to define northward-turning IMF triggers. Based upon a case-by-case investigation and the results of an anal- ysis using the statistics of point processes, we conclude that northward-turning structures in the IMF, while sometimes coinciding with the initial phase of individual substorms, are not required to trigger the magnetospheric instability associ- ated with substorm expansion phase onset.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Journal or Publication Title: Annales Geophysicae
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Substorms ; Cluster ; Triggering DCS-publications-id ; art-961 ; DCS-publications-credits ; iono-fa ; DCS-publications-personnel-id ; 104 ; 140
    Subjects: ?? qc ??
    Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > School of Computing & Communications
    Faculty of Science and Technology > Physics
    ID Code: 27142
    Deposited By: Dr Steve Marple
    Deposited On: 29 Sep 2009 11:42
    Refereed?: Yes
    Published?: Published
    Last Modified: 21 Jun 2018 00:07
    Identification Number:

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