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Task complexity, focus on form, and second language development.

Révész, Andrea (2009) Task complexity, focus on form, and second language development. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 31 (3). pp. 437-470.

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    Abstract

    Tasks have received increased attention in SLA research for the past decade, as has the role of focus on form. However, few empirical studies have investigated the relationship among tasks, focus-on-form techniques, and second language (L2) learning outcomes. To help address this gap, the present study examined how the task variable +/−contextual support combined with the focus-on-form technique known as recasting affects L2 morphosyntactic development. The participants were 90 adult learners of English as a foreign language, randomly assigned to one of fi ve groups: four comparison groups and a control group. The comparison groups differed as to (a) whether they received recasts while describing photos and (b) whether they could see the photos while describing them. The control group only participated in the testing sessions. A pretest-posttest-delayed posttest design was employed to detect any improvement in participants’ ability to use the linguistic target, which was the past progressive form. Results from multifaceted Rasch measurement yielded two main findings. First, learners who received recasts but did not view photos outperformed learners who received recasts while viewing photos. Second, the group that viewed photos but did not receive recasts achieved greater L2 gains than the group who neither viewed photos nor received recasts.

    Item Type: Article
    Journal or Publication Title: Studies in Second Language Acquisition
    Additional Information: http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=SLA The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 31 (3), pp 437-470 2009, © 2009 Cambridge University Press.
    Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
    Departments: Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > Linguistics & English Language
    ID Code: 27141
    Deposited By: Dr. Andrea Révész
    Deposited On: 07 Oct 2009 14:13
    Refereed?: Yes
    Published?: Published
    Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 16:39
    Identification Number:
    URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/27141

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