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MDMA Powder, Pills and Crystal: The persistance of ecstasy and the poverty of policy.

Smith, Zoe and Measham, Fiona and Moore, Karenza (2009) MDMA Powder, Pills and Crystal: The persistance of ecstasy and the poverty of policy. Drugs and Alcohol Today, 9 (1). pp. 13-19. ISSN 1745-9265

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    Abstract

    Commonly known as ecstasy, MDMA has been central to the British acid house, rave and dance club scene over the last 20 years. Figures from the annual national British Crime Survey suggest that ecstasy use has declined since 2001. This apparent decline is considered here alongside the concurrent emergence of a ‘new’ form of ecstasy - MDMA powder or crystal - and the extent to which this can be seen as a successful rebranding of MDMA as a ‘premium’ product in the wake of user disenchantment with cheap and easily available but poor quality pills. These changes have occurred within a policy context, which in the last decade has increasingly prioritised the drugs-crime relationship through coercive treatment of problem drug users within criminal justice-based interventions, alongside a focus on binge drinking and alcohol-related harm. This has resulted in a significant reduction in the information, support and treatment available to ecstasy users since the height of dance drug harm reduction service provision pioneered by the Safer Dancing model in the mid-1990s.

    Item Type: Article
    Journal or Publication Title: Drugs and Alcohol Today
    Additional Information: © Pavilion Journals (Brighton) Limited, 2009. All righs reserved.
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Ecstasy ; ecstasy pills ; MDMA powder ; MDMA crystal ; harm reduction ; Safer Dancing ; recreational drug use ; poly drug repertoires
    Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
    Departments: Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > Applied Social Science
    ID Code: 26504
    Deposited By: Dr Karenza Moore
    Deposited On: 22 May 2009 08:49
    Refereed?: Yes
    Published?: Published
    Last Modified: 23 Oct 2014 11:36
    Identification Number:
    URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/26504

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