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A cross-disciplinary toolkit to assess the risk of faecal indicator loss from grassland farm systems to surface waters.

Oliver, David M. and Fish, Rob and Hodgson, Chris J. and Heathwaite, A. Louise and Chadwick, David R. and Winter, Michael (2009) A cross-disciplinary toolkit to assess the risk of faecal indicator loss from grassland farm systems to surface waters. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 129 (4). pp. 401-412. ISSN 0167-8809

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    Abstract

    Diffuse microbial pollution from agriculture is a key contributor to water quality impairment. Reducing the risk of microbial contamination of watercourses from agricultural sources requires both environmentally appropriate and socially acceptable mitigation and management approaches. A cross-disciplinary toolkit for on-farm microbial risk assessment is presented that can represent both social and environmental factors promoting or preventing the accumulation of faecal indicator organisms (FIOs) within the farm environment, and also their subsequent transfer to watercourses. Four key risk criteria were identified as governing FIO loss from land to water. These were ‘accumulating E. coli burden to land’, ‘landscape transfer potential’, ‘infrastructure’ and ‘social and economical obstacles to taking action’. The toolkit can be used to determine (i) the relative risk of a farm enterprise contributing to microbial watercourse pollution and (ii) appropriate and targeted mitigation to reduce the risk of FIO loss from land to water. A comparison of the toolkit output with microbiological water quality draining from three contrasting grassland farm enterprises provided a preliminary evaluation of the prototype approach. When applied to 31 grassland farm enterprises the toolkit suggested that 0% were categorised as negligible risk, 32% low, 65% medium, 3% high and 0% very high risk. Such qualitative risk-based tools can assist the policy community not only to target high risk areas, but also to develop mitigation strategies that are sensitive to the different ways in which risk is produced. Capacity for long-term cross-disciplinary research is argued to be the means by which these integrated and more sustainable solutions may emerge.

    Item Type: Article
    Journal or Publication Title: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
    Additional Information: The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment 129 (4), 2009, © ELSEVIER.
    Uncontrolled Keywords: cross-disciplinary ; decision support ; E. coli ; faecal indicators ; farm ; mitigation ; risk ; microbial pollution ; agriculture ; pathogen
    Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
    Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
    ID Code: 26414
    Deposited By: Dr David M Oliver
    Deposited On: 19 May 2009 10:13
    Refereed?: Yes
    Published?: Published
    Last Modified: 06 Sep 2013 19:17
    Identification Number:
    URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/26414

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