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Adverse events in anaesthetic practice : qualitative study of definition, discussion and reporting.

Smith, Andrew F. and Goodwin, Dawn and Mort, Maggie and Pope, C. (2006) Adverse events in anaesthetic practice : qualitative study of definition, discussion and reporting. BJA (British Journal of Anaesthesia), 96 (6). pp. 715-721. ISSN 1471-6771

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Abstract

Background. This study aimed to explore how critical and acceptable practice are defined in anaesthesia and how this influences the discussion and reporting of adverse incidents. Method. We conducted workplace observations of, and interviews with, anaesthetists and anaesthetic staff. Transcripts were analysed qualitatively for recurrent themes and quantitatively for adverse events in anaesthetic process witnessed. We also observed departmental audit meetings and analysed meeting minutes and report forms. Results. The educational value of discussing events was well-recognized; 28 events were discussed at departmental meetings, of which 5 (18%) were presented as ‘critical incidents’. However, only one incident was reported formally. Our observations of anaesthetic practice revealed 103 minor events during the course of over 50 anaesthetic procedures, but none were acknowledged as offering the potential to improve safety, although some were direct violations of ‘acceptable’ practice. Formal reporting appears to be constrained by changing boundaries of what might be considered ‘critical’, by concerns of loss of control over formally reported incidents and by the perception that reporting schemes outside anaesthesia have purposes other than education. Conclusions. Despite clear official definitions of criticality in anaesthesia, there is ambiguity in how these are applied in practice. Many educationally useful events fall outside critical incident reporting schemes. Professional expertise in anaesthesia brings its own implicit safety culture but the reluctance to adopt a more explicit ‘systems approach’ to adverse events may impede further gains in patient safety in anaesthesia.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: BJA (British Journal of Anaesthesia)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
Faculty of Health and Medicine > Medicine
ID Code: 26114
Deposited By: Dr Dawn Goodwin
Deposited On: 11 Mar 2009 10:25
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 20:28
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/26114

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