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A two-level model for evidence evaluation.

Lucy, David and Aitken, C. G. G. and Zadora, G. (2007) A two-level model for evidence evaluation. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 52 (2). pp. 412-419. ISSN 0022-1198

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Abstract

A random effects model using two levels of hierarchical nesting has been applied to the calculation of a likelihood ratio as a solution to the problem of comparison between two sets of replicated multivariate continuous observations where it is unknown whether the sets of measurements shared a common origin. Replicate measurements from a population of such measurements allow the calculation of both within-group and between-group variances/covariances. The within-group distribution has been modelled assuming a Normal distribution, and the between-group distribution has been modelled using a kernel density estimation procedure. A graphical method of estimating the dependency structure among the variables has been used to reduce this highly multivariate problem to several problems of lower dimension. The approach was tested using a database comprising measurements of eight major elements from each of four fragments from each of 200 glass objects and found to perform well compared with previous approaches, achieving a 15.2% false-positive rate, and a 5.5% false-negative rate. The modelling was then applied to two examples of casework in which glass found at the scene of the criminal activity has been compared with that found in association with a suspect.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Additional Information: RAE_import_type : Journal article RAE_uoa_type : Statistics and Operational Research
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Mathematics and Statistics
ID Code: 2427
Deposited By: ep_importer
Deposited On: 31 Mar 2008 13:35
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 20:28
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/2427

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