Nagirnyi, V. and Stolovich, A. and Zazubovich, S. and Zepelin, Viktor and Mihokova, E. and Nikl, M. and Pazzi, G. P. and Salvini, L. (1995) Peculiarities of the triplet relaxed excited-state structure and luminescence of a CsI:Tl crystal. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 7 (18). pp. 3637-3653. ISSN 0953-8984Full text not available from this repository.
Four emission bands, all belonging to the main thallium centres, have been detected in CsI:Tl, and their spectral, polarization and kinetic characteristics have been studied at 0.35-320 K. A new model is proposed for the excited states responsible for the luminescence of thallium-doped caesium iodide. In this model, the main thallium centre is considered as a cluster consisting of a Tl+ ion and at least 12 I- and 11 Cs+ ions. Two weak ultraviolet emission bands of CsI:TI (3,31 and 3.09 eV) are ascribed to electronic transitions from trigonal and tetragonal Jahn-Teller minima of the tripler relaxed excited state, whose structure is similar to that of Tl+ centres in Fee alkali halides. Two intense visible bands (2.55 and 2.25 eV) are assumed to arise from two different ('weak' and 'strong') off-centre configurations of a self-trapped exciton perturbed by the Tl+ ion. The minima responsible for all the emission bands are located on the same adiabatic potential energy surface. The excitonic-like nature of visible emission could explain the high scintillation efficiency of CsI:Tl.
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||SELF-TRAPPED-EXCITON ; ALKALI-HALIDE CRYSTALS ; DECAY KINETICS ; OPTICAL-PROPERTIES ; HIGH-PRESSURE ; EMISSION ; IN+ ; KI ; ABSORPTION ; CSBR|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QC Physics|
|Departments:||Faculty of Science and Technology > Physics|
|Deposited By:||Dr Richard P. Haley|
|Deposited On:||03 Feb 2009 14:27|
|Last Modified:||05 Feb 2016 01:38|
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