Ferranti, E. J. S. and Whyatt, J. Duncan and Davison, Brian (2008) An Investigation into the Origins of a Series of PM10 Anomalies at a Remote Location in NW England. Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 10 (9). pp. 1033-1040. ISSN 1464-0325
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Throughout 2004, PM10 concentrations were measured at 10-minute intervals at Hazelrigg, a remote location in NW England. The annual mean concentration was 6.1 μg m-3 and likely origins were determined using directional and particle size characteristics. The fine temporal resolution of the monitoring also allowed several short periods (< 20 hours) of persistently high PM10 concentration to be identified and then ‘typed’ by the event start time, duration, wind direction and particle size characteristics. A series of night-time PM10 anomalies (concentration < 465 μg m-3) of no obvious source were identified, and by elimination assumed to have originated from a ground-based fire of particle-rich fodder. A novel methodology combining Stokes’ Law with systematic and rigorous modelling of source strength (using ADMS3.2) was developed to locate a possible burn site. The process was limited by the lack of previous modelling studies related to ground-based fires, and also by the capacity of ADMS3.2 to model sub-hourly time-varying emissions and fluctuations in wind speed and direction in the near field. However, modelling did suggest the source was located < 400 m SSE of Hazelrigg, and investigation of this area revealed a burn site where tyres and plastic bags were piled nearby. Few studies have combined directional analysis and modelling to locate a source based on sampled data. This inovative methodology could be used by regulatory bodies to investigate the origins of unidentified PM10 observed within the particle record.
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Environmental Monitoring|
|Subjects:||G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences|
|Departments:||Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre|
|Deposited By:||Dr Duncan Whyatt|
|Deposited On:||07 Jan 2009 10:52|
|Last Modified:||07 Jan 2015 13:45|
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