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Modelling and measurement of the dispersion of radioactive emissions from a nuclear fuel fabrication plant in the U.K.

Al-Khayat, T. A. H. and van Eygen, B. and Hewitt, CN and Kelly, M. R. (1992) Modelling and measurement of the dispersion of radioactive emissions from a nuclear fuel fabrication plant in the U.K. Atmospheric Environment: Part A - General Topics, 26 (17). pp. 3079-3087.

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Abstract

The ground-level air concentrations of supported and total 234Th were determined over a period of 1 year at four sites in the vicinity of a nuclear fuel fabrication plant in northwest England. Both supported and unsupported 234Th were found, with mean monthly concentrations of total 234Th 13 times those observed at a control site 50 km north of the factory. Bulk deposition rates of total 234Th were found to be 2–3 times the background values. Analysis of mosses revealed a systematic decrease in supported 234Th concentrations with distance from the factory, with background values reached at a distance of about 1.5 km. Road dust samples showed a similar decrease in supported 234Th concentrations with distance, but with significant departures from this trend, possibly being evidence for the mechanical transport of contaminated dust from the factory. A Gaussian plume dispersion model was able to predict 85% of the observed air concentrations within a factor of four, despite large uncertainties in some source parameters.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Atmospheric Environment: Part A - General Topics
Uncontrolled Keywords: Uranium ; dispersion modelling ; radioactivity
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 22728
Deposited By: ep_ss_importer
Deposited On: 14 Jan 2009 16:09
Refereed?: No
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 16:05
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/22728

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