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The design and application of a novel automated sampler for wet and dry deposition to water surfaces.

Gardner, B. and Hewitt, CN (1993) The design and application of a novel automated sampler for wet and dry deposition to water surfaces. Science of the Total Environment, 135 (1-3). pp. 55-66.

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Abstract

A novel automated wet and dry deposition collector utilising a wet-surface surrogate for dry deposition sampling is described. This has been used at two sites in NW England to attempt to establish wet and dry deposition fluxes of a range of polycylic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) to natural water surfaces in the UK. The sample collection and analytical procedures are described. The wet flux of ΣPAH (n = 13) for the winter period is more than double that for summer/autumn at both sites. The pattern of PAH in the seasonally-averaged wet deposition data set stayed constant between seasons at the Castleshaw site, but not at Esthwaite Water. Both wet and dry deposition are found to be important to the overall atmospheric input at each site. The total (wet plus dry) input rises from summer/autumn to winter: from 74 to 258 ng (ΣPAH) · m−2 · h−1 at Esthwaite; from 128 to 164 ng (ΣPAH) · m−2 · h−1 at Castleshaw. The proportion of the total flux of ΣPAH due to wet deposition doubles at Castleshaw from summer/autumn to winter but decreases at Esthwaite from 65 to 40%. Trends at the two sites may be explained by differences in the proximity of local point sources of PAH.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Science of the Total Environment
Uncontrolled Keywords: polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ; deposition ; sampling
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 22611
Deposited By: ep_ss_importer
Deposited On: 22 Jan 2009 15:27
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 16:03
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/22611

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