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PCBs and other organochlorines in human tissue samples from the Welsh population: II—milk.

Duarte-Davidson, Raquel and Wilson, Susan C. and Jones, Kevin C. (1994) PCBs and other organochlorines in human tissue samples from the Welsh population: II—milk. Environmental Pollution, 84 (1). pp. 79-87.

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Abstract

Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) and ΣDDT (i.e. p,p′-DDT + p,p′-DDE + p,p′DDD) concentrations were determined from the analysis of 115 Welsh breast milk samples collected in 1990 and 1991. Fifty PCB congeners were screened, of which 24 were identified in most samples. The PCB congener pattern was consistent between individual milk samples, with IUPAC congeners 28, 138, 153 and 180 being the most abundant and accounting for an average of 50% of the ΣPCB concentrations determined. PCB concentrations varied between 2 and 70 ng g−1 whole milk, were positively correlated with age, and negatively correlated with the total lactation period and with the percent lipid content of the milk. PCB pattern distributions differed between milk and adipose tissue samples. Human milk had a higher proportion of tri- (18 and 28), tetra- (44, 52 and 66) and pentachlorinated biphenyls (101) compared to human adipose tissue. ΣDDT concentrations ranged from 0·3 to 71 ng g−1 of whole milk, with p,p′-DDE contributing towards an average of 92% of the ΣDDT concentrations. ΣDDT levels were also positively correlated with age and negatively associated with the lactation period, though these correlations were rather weak. No significant differences in the ΣPCB and ΣDDT concentrations were noted between milk samples from donors living in rural and urban locations, or between the subjects' body weight, smoking habits or diet.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Pollution
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 22424
Deposited By: ep_ss_importer
Deposited On: 30 Jan 2009 10:25
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 16:00
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/22424

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