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PCDD/Fs and non-o-PCBs in digested UK sewage sludges.

Sewart, A. P. and Harrad, S. J. and McLachlan, M. S. and McGrath, S. P. and Jones, K. C. (1995) PCDD/Fs and non-o-PCBs in digested UK sewage sludges. Chemosphere, 30 (1). pp. 51-67. ISSN 0045-6535

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Abstract

Twelve digested sewage sludges from rural and urban waste water treatment works in the north-west of England were analysed for PCDD/Fs and non-o-PCBs. The PCDD/F analysis of eight samples was repeated using high-resolution mass spectrometry, which enabled detection of the lower chlorinated congeners and calculation of TE values. YTEQ values for these eight samples ranged from 19–206 ng/kg with the higher values detected in the samples from urban/industrial areas. Examination of the congener/homologue profiles for the more contaminated samples suggests a major input from the use of pentachlorophenol. Archived sewage sludge samples collected and stored from one sewage treatment works in the south of England between 1942 and 1960 were analyzed to gain some insight into temporal trends and possible variations in source inputs. These provide some evidence of changing sources of PCDD/Fs over time and a decline in Σ-TEQs since the 1950s.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Chemosphere
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 22338
Deposited By: ep_ss_importer
Deposited On: 04 Feb 2009 16:08
Refereed?: No
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 20:26
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/22338

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