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Explosive volcanic eruptions—IX. The transition between Hawaiian-style lava fountaining and Strombolian explosive activity.

Parfitt, E. A. and Wilson, L. (1995) Explosive volcanic eruptions—IX. The transition between Hawaiian-style lava fountaining and Strombolian explosive activity. Geophysical Journal International, 121 (1). pp. 226-232.

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Abstract

The commonest eruption styles of basaltic volcanoes involve Hawaiian lava fountaining or intermittent Strombolian explosions. We investigate the ways in which magma rise speed at depth, magma volatile content and magma viscosity control which of these eruption styles takes place. We develop a model of the degree of coalescence between gas bubbles in the magma which allows us to simulate the transition between the two extreme styles of activity. We find that magma rise speed is the most important factor causing the transition, with gas content and viscosity also influencing the rise speed at which the transition occurs. Counter to intuitive expectations, a decrease in gas content does not cause a transition from Hawaiian to Strombolian activity, but instead causes a transition to passive effusion of vesicular lava. Rather, a change from Hawaiian to Strombolian style requires a significant reduction in magma rise speed.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Geophysical Journal International
Uncontrolled Keywords: explosive eruptions • Hawaiian • Strombolian
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 22309
Deposited By: ep_ss_importer
Deposited On: 05 Feb 2009 16:39
Refereed?: No
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 15:59
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/22309

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