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Where does all the calcium go? Evidence of an important regulatory role for trichomes in two calcicoles.

de Silva, D. L. R. and Hetherington, A. M. and Mansfield, T. A. (1996) Where does all the calcium go? Evidence of an important regulatory role for trichomes in two calcicoles. Plant Cell and Environment, 19 (7). pp. 880-886.

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Abstract

In previous studies of the calcicoles Centaurea scabiosa and Leontodon hispidus, the stomata on isolated epidermis closed partially when the concentration of calcium in the medium was above 1 mol m−3. This is a much smaller concentration than that believed to be delivered into the leaves in xylem sap when the plants are growing in a calcium-rich medium, and hence the mechanism for 'protecting' stomata from excessive exposure to free calcium is thought to be of great physiological significance. It is shown here that, in the leaves of both species, a substantial amount of the calcium they contain is located within meso-phyll cells, and virtually all of that which does enter the epidermis is contained within trichomes, probably as calcium oxalate. The amounts of calcium in the vicinity of the stomata thus remain small despite high concentrations elsewhere, ensuring that the essential role of Ca2+ in intra-cellular signalling in guard cells can continue to be performed without disturbance.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Plant Cell and Environment
Uncontrolled Keywords: Centaurea scabiosa • Leontodon hispidus • calcicoles • calcium • stomata • trichomes
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Medicine
Faculty of Science and Technology > Engineering
Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 22168
Deposited By: ep_ss_importer
Deposited On: 13 Feb 2009 13:23
Refereed?: No
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 15:57
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/22168

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