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Design and implementation of a proportional-integral-plus (PIP) control system for temperature, humidity and carbon dioxide in a glasshouse.

Lees, M. J. and Taylor, J. and Chotai, A. and Young, P. C. and Chalabi, Z. S. and Tych, Wlodek (1996) Design and implementation of a proportional-integral-plus (PIP) control system for temperature, humidity and carbon dioxide in a glasshouse. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS), 406. pp. 115-124.

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Abstract

Conventional glasshouse climate controllers are based upon continuous-time PI controllers manually tuned to achieve adequate, although rather poor, tracking of set point changes. In this paper we consider the alternative, model based, Proportional-Integral-Plus (PIP) control system design (Young et al, 1987) which, although only slightly more complex than a PI controller, achieves much tighter control of the climate variables, allowing optimal setpoints (Chalabi, 1992) to be realised. A linear control model is identified and estimated from experimental data collected in a Venlo glasshouse at Silsoe Research Institute (SRI). A Non Minimum State Space (NMSS) representation of this control model is then used to design a robust PIP controller which was implemented during the 1993/94 winter growing season with a tomato crop. Control results were excellent with very tight control to the desired setpoints in all three variables. Air temperature was controlled to within 0.5°C of the setpoint for 85% of the validation period, and was shown to be very robust to model uncertainty and extreme weather conditions. Relative humidity was controlled to within 2% RH for 90% of the validation period, and CO2 was controlled to within 15 ppm for 80% of the validation period.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Horticulturae (ISHS)
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 22124
Deposited By: ep_ss_importer
Deposited On: 18 Feb 2009 13:47
Refereed?: No
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 15:56
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/22124

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