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Performance characteristics for the measurement of Cs and Sr by diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT).

Chang, Ling-Yun and Davison, William and Zhang, Hao and Kelly, M. (1998) Performance characteristics for the measurement of Cs and Sr by diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT). Analytica Chimica Acta, 368 (3). pp. 243-253. ISSN 0003-2670

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Abstract

The new technique of diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) has been used for the first time with a general cation exchange resin (AG50W-X8) as the binding agent. Its use for the measurement of Cs and Sr has been systematically investigated. Individual experiments showed that resin embedded in polyacrylamide gel efficiently removed Cs and Sr from solution. Cs and Sr could be reproducibly eluted with nitric acid if sufficient volume was used. The dependence of the DGT response to exposure time, gel layer thickness and temperature could be theoretically predicted for a wide range of pH (4–9) and ionic strength (1 μmol l−1–1 mmol l−1). The major difference compared to the use of a highly selective resin, such as Chelex, for trace metals, is that the resin becomes saturated due to the continuous uptake of the major cations present in solution. Because of this capacity limitation, the theoretical response in soft water was only obtained for exposure times up to 20 h. The use of DGT with general purpose resins to measure ions in natural waters is likely to be restricted to soft water. In situ measurement of labile species of Cs (0.24 nmol l−1) and Sr (0.19 μmol l−1) in soft water showed no evidence for the presence of stable complexes or colloidal forms.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Analytica Chimica Acta
Uncontrolled Keywords: Caesium ; Strontium ; Ion exchange ; DGT ; Waters ; Gel ; pH
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 21806
Deposited By: ep_ss_importer
Deposited On: 06 Feb 2009 16:54
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 15:52
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/21806

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