Lancaster EPrints

A Plinian treatment of fallout from Hawaiian lava fountains.

Parfitt, Elisabeth A. and Wilson, Lionel (1999) A Plinian treatment of fallout from Hawaiian lava fountains. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 88 (1-2). pp. 67-75. ISSN 0377-0273

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

A new model is presented which simulates the dispersal and deposition of material from a Hawaiian eruption column. The model treats the Hawaiian column as a coarse-grained Plinian column and uses a modified version of the Wilson and Walker [Wilson, L., Walker, G.P.L., 1987. Explosive volcanic eruptions: VI. Ejecta dispersal in Plinian eruptions: the control of eruption conditions and atmospheric properties. Geophys. J. R. Astron. Soc. 89, 657–679.] Plinian pyroclast dispersal model to simulate the fall out of material during a Hawaiian eruption. The model results are found to be in good agreement with independent estimates of various parameters made for the 1959 Kilauea Iki eruption of Kilauea volcano. The close agreement between the model results and these independent estimates shows that, dynamically, Hawaiian eruptions are indistinguishable from Plinian eruptions. The major differences in the styles and deposits of these two types of eruptions are accounted for by differences in the mass fluxes and gas contents of the erupting magmas and, most fundamentally, by differences in the grainsize distribution of the erupted clasts. Plume heights predicted by the model are greater than those found for previous models of Hawaiian eruptions. This is because previous models did not allow for the progressive fall out of particles from the plume and, more importantly, made no correction for the velocity disequilibrium between gas and clasts when the grainsize distribution is coarse.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hawaiian ; Plinian ; volcanic ; eruption ; grainsize
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 21740
Deposited By: ep_ss_importer
Deposited On: 05 Feb 2009 09:33
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 15:51
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/21740

Actions (login required)

View Item