Smith, Kilian E. C. and Jones, Kevin C. (2000) Particles and vegetation : implications for the transfer of particle-bound organic contaminants to vegetation. Science of the Total Environment, 246 (2-3). pp. 207-236. ISSN 0048-9697Full text not available from this repository.
This paper presents a comprehensive review of the mechanisms responsible for the transfer of atmospheric particulate deposition and soil particulate re-suspension onto vegetation. The nature of atmospheric aerosols and dry/wet particulate deposition are reviewed, together with information from the literature on radionuclides as tracers of the air particle/soil particle to vegetation transfer processes. Information from these fields is used to make inferences about the potential significance of these pathways in supplying particle-bound semi-volatile organic chemicals (e.g. polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans, polychlorinated biphenyls) to vegetation. Retention of compounds on particles brought to the above-ground plant surfaces is discussed. In the absence of definitive field/experimental studies, calculations are made drawing on the literature data to estimate the contributions of atmospheric and soil particle-bound organic contaminants to the plant concentration. These show that depending on the site-specific, species-specific and compound-specific scenarios considered, particulate-bound inputs may be negligible or may dominate the supply of organic contaminants to the above-ground portion of plants. However, field/experimental studies and direct measurements are needed to provide reliable quantitative data on this topic.
|Journal or Publication Title:||Science of the Total Environment|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Semi-volatile organic chemicals ; Vegetation ; Atmospheric particles ; Soil particles|
|Subjects:||G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences|
|Departments:||Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre|
|Deposited On:||23 Jan 2009 16:14|
|Last Modified:||23 Mar 2016 01:06|
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