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Localised remobilisation of metals in a marine sediment.

Zhang, Hao and Davison, William and Mortimer, Robert and Krom, Michael D. and Hayes, Peter J. and Davies, Ian M. (2002) Localised remobilisation of metals in a marine sediment. Science of the Total Environment, 296 (1-3). pp. 175-187. ISSN 0048-9697

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Abstract

Trace metals and Fe and Mn were measured at vertical spatial resolutions of 2.5 and 5 mm in the top 35 cm of the profundal sediment of a Scottish sea-loch using DGT (diffusive gradients in thin films) technique. DGT probes lower adjacent metal concentrations in pore waters and induce a flux of metal from the solid phase to porewater. The concentrations of metals in porewaters at the interface of the probe were measured during its deployment in a box core. These measurements reflect porewater concentrations of metals and their rates of resupply from the local solid phase of a very small volume (25 μl) of sediment. There was pronounced horizontal and vertical structure in the interfacial concentrations. Horizontal variations were shown by results from adjacent DGT assemblies being markedly different in detail, while vertical structure was measured directly by the DGT-depth profiles. Iron and Mn varied systematically with depth, with both broad and detailed features of Co aligning with those of Mn. There was, however, evidence of additional localised sources of Co that were apparently unrelated to the redox behaviour that Mn typifies, but associated with the remobilization of Ni, possibly from mineral dissolution. Arsenic(III) was remobilized in well-defined zones. Detailed correspondence of As(III) with some Fe features suggest that its release is mechanistically-related to iron oxide dissolution, but the 3 orders of magnitude higher concentrations of Fe may sometimes obscure the association. These results demonstrate that, within sediments, metals may be released in discrete locations that are not measured by conventional porewater sampling techniques due to their horizontal averaging.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Science of the Total Environment
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diffusive gradients in thin films ; DGT ; Metals ; Porewaters ; Sediment ; Fluxes ; Remobilization ; Microniche
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 21513
Deposited By: ep_ss_importer
Deposited On: 20 Jan 2009 09:09
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 15:48
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/21513

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