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Emplacement of giant radial dykes in the northern Tharsis region of Mars.

Scott, Evelyn D. and Wilson, Lionel and Head, James W. (2002) Emplacement of giant radial dykes in the northern Tharsis region of Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 107 (E4). p. 5019. ISSN 2169-9100

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Abstract

Three distinct sets of graben are associated with the volcano Alba Patera on Mars. One set, approximately circumferential to the edifice, has long been accepted to have formed as a tectonic response to an extensional stress regime associated with the evolution of the Alba Patera edifice. A second set includes mainly linear structures interpreted by many workers to have formed in response to very large-scale regional stresses. We infer that the third set of graben, all of which are relatively linear, none of which are strictly parallel to members of the second set, and many of which contain numerous pit craters, formed above long (∼1000 km), laterally propagating regional dikes emanating from a volcanic center located to the south within the Tharsis region. The expected geometries of such dikes (several hundred meters depth to dike top, ∼20 km depth to dike base, mean dike width ∼30–90 m) are modeled on the assumption that they were fed from a shallow magma reservoir centered on a neutral buoyancy horizon, expected to be present at a depth of ∼10 km on Mars. The volumes of magma in the dikes are consistent with a reservoir similar in size to those inferred to be present under the Tharsis shield volcanoes provided that the dikes were emplaced during caldera collapse episodes. The sizes of the graben associated with these dikes are consistent with the relaxation, during or immediately after dike emplacement, of preexisting regional extensional stresses of a few tens of MPa.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 21500
Deposited By: ep_ss_importer
Deposited On: 16 Jan 2009 14:51
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2013 08:17
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/21500

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