Stevens, Joanna L. and Jones, Kevin C. (2003) Quantification of PCDD/F concentrations in animal manure and comparison of the effects of cattle manure and sewage sludge to agricultural land on human exposure to PCDD/Fs. Chemosphere, 50 (9). pp. 1183-1191. ISSN 0045-6535Full text not available from this repository.
PCDD/Fs were quantified in samples of cattle, pig, sheep and chicken manure. TEQs ranged from 0.19 ng TEQ/kg dw for the pig manure to 20 ng TEQ/kg dw for one cattle manure sample. Exposure assessments were carried out to compare the effect of various sewage sludge and cattle manure land application scenarios on human PCDD/F exposure. Background exposure was estimated at 4.9 pg TEQ/kg bw/day and it was found that land application of sewage sludge and cattle manure at contemporary rates did not increase PCDD/F TEQ background exposure. It was concluded that the application of sewage sludge, under the new UK guidelines, and cattle manure to agricultural land, do not make a significant contribution to human exposure to PCDD/Fs.
|Journal or Publication Title:||Chemosphere|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Slurry ; Pig ; Sheep ; Chicken ; Cow ; Dioxins|
|Subjects:||G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences|
|Departments:||Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre|
|Deposited On:||14 Jan 2009 09:42|
|Last Modified:||26 Jul 2012 15:46|
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