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Social Influences on False Belief Access: Specific Sibling Influences or General Apprenticeship?

Lewis, Charlie and Freeman, NormanH. and Kyriakidou, Chrystalla and Maridaki-Kassotaki, Katerina and Berridge, Damon M. (1996) Social Influences on False Belief Access: Specific Sibling Influences or General Apprenticeship? Child Development, 67 (6). pp. 2930-2947. ISSN 0009-3920

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Abstract

Some recent studies have found a relation between the number of siblings 3–4-year-old children have and their performance on false belief tasks. 2 experiments reported here examine a variety of factors in children's social environments, including daily contact with peers and adults as well as the numbers of their siblings, on a battery of false belief tests. In Experiment 1, 82 preschoolers were studied in Rethymnon, Crete, in order to obtain a range of extended kin available as a resource for the child. In Experiment 2, 75 Cypriot preschoolers were studied in Nicosia in order to examine the influences of each child's daily social contacts, as measured by maternal questionnaire. Logistic regression revealed that the factors which account for most of the predicted variance on the theory of mind tests were (a) the number of adult kin available (Experiment 1) or adults interacted with daily (Experiment 2), (b) the child's age, (c) the number of older siblings a child has, and (d) the number of older children interacted with daily. The results suggested that theory of mind is not simply passed from one sibling to another in a process of social influence. It seems more likely that a variety of knowledgeable members of her or his culture influence the apprentice theoretician of mind.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Child Development
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
Faculty of Science and Technology > Mathematics and Statistics
ID Code: 21201
Deposited By: Dr Damon Berridge
Deposited On: 22 Dec 2008 09:40
Refereed?: No
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2013 15:15
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/21201

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