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Geographical trends in infant mortality in England and Wales, 1971-2006.

Norman, Paul and Gregory, Ian and Dorling, Danny and Baker, Alan (2008) Geographical trends in infant mortality in England and Wales, 1971-2006. Health Statistics Quarterly, 40. pp. 18-29. ISSN 1465-1645

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Abstract

At national level in England and Wales, infant mortality rates fell rapidly from the early 1970s and into the 1980s. Subnational areas have also experienced a reduction in levels of infant mortality. While rates continued to fall to 2006, the rate of reduction has slowed. Although the Government Office Regions Yorkshire and The Humber, the North West and the West Midlands and the Office for National Statistics local authority types Cities and Services and London Cosmopolitan have experienced relatively large absolute reductions in infant mortality, their rates remained high compared with the national average. Within all regions and local authority types, a strong relationship was found between ward level deprivation and infant mortality rates. Nevertheless, levels of infant mortality declined over time even in the most deprived areas with a narrowing of absolute differences in rates between areas. Areas in which the level of deprivation eased have experienced greater than average reductions in levels of infant mortality.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Health Statistics Quarterly
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
Departments: Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > History
ID Code: 20785
Deposited By: Dr Ian Gregory
Deposited On: 01 Dec 2008 16:59
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 15:40
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/20785

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