Lancaster EPrints

Evacuation and Social Policy During the Second World War: Myth and Reality.

Welshman, John (1998) Evacuation and Social Policy During the Second World War: Myth and Reality. Twentieth Century British History, 9 (1). pp. 28-53.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Richard Titmuss's classic study of social policy during the Second World War, Problems of Social Policy, published in 1950, has exercised an enormous influence on historical accounts of the period. However, recently his interpretation has fallen out of favour with revisionist historians who have argued that he exaggerated the extent to which the artifical conditions of war provided a permanent basis for the creation of the welfare state in the postwar period, and the degree to which evacuation changed official attitudes to poverty. This article examines to what extent the evacuation of September 1939 led to a reassessment of the earlier achievements of the School Medical Service, and how far it illustrated opinion on the reform of welfare services. After briefly tracing planning and the arrival of the evacuees in the reception areas, it considers what the evacuation revealed about the School Medical service and the wider problems of child health in four areas head lice and skin disease, footwear and clothing, nutrition, and child psychology. It concludes that while there was not unanimity on the need for reform, the evacuation did lead to a major reassessment of the effectiveness of health services for schoolchildren and to significant policy changes.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Twentieth Century British History
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > History
ID Code: 19961
Deposited By: Dr John Welshman
Deposited On: 21 Nov 2008 10:55
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 15:36
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/19961

Actions (login required)

View Item