Lancaster EPrints

Influences on women's smoking status : the contribution of ssocio-economic status in adolescence and adulthood.

Graham, Hilary (1999) Influences on women's smoking status : the contribution of ssocio-economic status in adolescence and adulthood. European Journal of Public Health, 9 (2). pp. 137-141.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Background: Declining smoking prevalence is associated with widening socioeconomic differentials in tobacco use. The study investigates the influence of the adolescent and adult socioeconomic environment on the smoking status of adult women. Methods: A secondary data analysis of a nationally representative survey of households in Britain, the British Household Panel Survey, was undertaken of 2,678 non-Asian women aged 18–49 years in 1991. Multivariate analysis confirmed the significant and independent effect of adolescent and adult SES on the odds of being a current smoker. Results: With respect to adolescent SES, school-leaving age and school qualifications exerted an independent effect. With respect to current SES, housing tenure was the strongest predictor of smoking status. Along with living in rented housing, other markers of current disadvantage also increased the odds of being a current smoker, including living in a household without access to a car and being dependent on means-tested benefits. Not living with a partner also increased the odds of smoking. Compared to Black women, White women were over twice as likely to be a current smoker. Conclusions: Public health policies to reduce the socioeconomic gradient in smoking among women should target both adolescence and adulthood. Investment in the education of children heading towards early school leaving and minimum school qualifications could yield positive health dividends in later life, in terms of higher SES and lower smoking prevalence. Interventions to raise the living standards of women in lower socioeconomic groups may be required if they are to match the rates of decline achieved among women in more advantaged circumstances.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: European Journal of Public Health
Uncontrolled Keywords: cigarette smoking ; socioeconomic status ; women
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
ID Code: 19891
Deposited By: Mrs Janet Harris
Deposited On: 18 Nov 2008 11:00
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 15:35
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/19891

Actions (login required)

View Item