Juan, Ching-Yi and Green, Mick and Thomas, Gareth O. (2002) *The statistical merits of various methods of calculating transfer coefficients between environmental media – development of the ideal formula for data-sets with a long-normal distribution.* Chemosphere, 46 (7). pp. 1091-1097. ISSN 0045-6535

## Abstract

The statistical treatment of data-sets from environmental pollutant studies in which different measurements are combined to produce averages or comparative factors (e.g., transfer coefficients (TCs), input–output balance values) are considered here, with particular reference to the analysis of data from input–output balance studies of pollutants such as PCBs in animals and humans. Many methods of statistical analysis ignore the fact that all measurements are subject to error, and generally assume that the normal distribution applies to all data-sets, which is commonly inappropriate for environmental (and particularly biological system) data. Considerably different estimations can be obtained by applying different, commonly used, statistical methods, as shown in a simulation study presented here and when applied to data from an input–output balance study of PCBs in humans. Alternative average and combined factor estimators for the treatment of data from these types of studies that give considerable advantages in terms of bias and the ease of assessment of accuracy are proposed.

Item Type: | Article |
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Journal or Publication Title: | Chemosphere |

Uncontrolled Keywords: | Ratio ; Analysis ; Error |

Subjects: | G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences |

Departments: | Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre |

ID Code: | 19736 |

Deposited By: | ep_ss_importer |

Deposited On: | 07 Nov 2008 16:51 |

Refereed?: | Yes |

Published?: | Published |

Last Modified: | 09 Feb 2016 01:02 |

Identification Number: | |

URI: | http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/19736 |

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