Papaspiliopoulos, O. (2005) *Contribution to discussion of Kou, S. C., Xie, X. S. and Liu, J. S.* Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series C (Applied Statistics), 54 (3). pp. 469-506. ISSN 0035-9254

## Abstract

Recent advances in experimental technologies allow scientists to follow biochemical processes on a single-molecule basis, which provides much richer information about chemical dynamics than traditional ensemble-averaged experiments but also raises many new statistical challenges. The paper provides the first likelihood-based statistical analysis of the single-molecule fluorescence lifetime experiment designed to probe the conformational dynamics of a single deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) hairpin molecule. The conformational change is initially treated as a continuous time two-state Markov chain, which is not observable and must be inferred from changes in photon emissions. This model is further complicated by unobserved molecular Brownian diffusions. Beyond the simple two-state model, a competing model that models the energy barrier between the two states of the DNA hairpin as an Ornstein–Uhlenbeck process has been suggested in the literature. We first derive the likelihood function of the simple two-state model and then generalize the method to handle complications such as unobserved molecular diffusions and the fluctuating energy barrier. The data augmentation technique and Markov chain Monte Carlo methods are developed to sample from the posterior distribution desired. The Bayes factor calculation and posterior estimates of relevant parameters indicate that the fluctuating barrier model fits the data better than the simple two-state model.

Item Type: | Article |
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Journal or Publication Title: | Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series C (Applied Statistics) |

Uncontrolled Keywords: | Bayes factor • Brownian diffusion • Continuous time Markov chain • Cox process • Energy barrier • Likelihood • Ornstein–Uhlenbeck process • Scale transformation update |

Subjects: | Q Science > QA Mathematics |

Departments: | Faculty of Science and Technology > Mathematics and Statistics |

ID Code: | 19380 |

Deposited By: | ep_ss_importer |

Deposited On: | 20 Nov 2008 09:17 |

Refereed?: | Yes |

Published?: | Published |

Last Modified: | 24 Oct 2014 11:34 |

Identification Number: | |

URI: | http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/19380 |

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