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Multiple-output production with undesirable outputs: an application to nitrogen surplus in agriculture.

Fernández, Carmen and Koop, G. and Steel, M. (2002) Multiple-output production with undesirable outputs: an application to nitrogen surplus in agriculture. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 97 (458). pp. 432-442.

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Abstract

Many production processes yield both good outputs and undesirable ones (e.g., pollutants). In this article we develop a generalization of a stochastic frontier model that is appropriate for such technologies. We discuss efficiency analysis and, in particular, define technical and environmental efficiency in the context of our model. We develop methods for carrying out Bayesian inference and apply them to a panel data set of Dutch dairy farms, where excess nitrogen production constitutes an important environmental problem.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of the American Statistical Association
Uncontrolled Keywords: DAIRY FARM ; EFFICIENCY ; ENVIRONMENT ; LONGITUDINAL DATA ; STOCHASTIC FRONTIER
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Departments:
ID Code: 19261
Deposited By: ep_ss_importer
Deposited On: 25 Nov 2008 09:47
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 15:27
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/19261

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